- a. It is obligatory for women to cover the head.
- b. Stitched cloth is allowed.
- c. Any colour dress is allowed.
Bukhari and Ahmed have reported that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said: "A pilgrim woman must neither cover her face nor wear gloves". This proves that a woman in the state of Ihram should not cover her face and hands.
It is reported by Hazrath Aisha (RadhiAllahu Anha) that once on a Hajj Pilgrimage when she experienced the monthly menses, the holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) noticing her inconvenience said: "There is no need to cry. This is something that Allah has made as a natural occurrence for daughters of Adam (Alaihi wa Sallam), meaning all women". Most scholars are of the opinion that purification is not necessary for performing Sa'ee between Safa and Marwahh, in the light of what the holy Prophet said to Aisha (RadhiAllahu Anha) when she menstruated. He told her. "You may perform all rites (of Hajj) as other pilgrims do, except performing Tawaaf around the Ka'bah which you may do after you are clean and no longer menstruating". Aisha (RadhiAllahu Anha) and Umme Salamah (RadhiAllahu Anha) said: A woman who performs the Tawaaf, offers to raka'at prayer (by the Station of Ibrahim), and then finds that her period has started, may perform Sa'ee between Safa and Marwah. It is preferable, however, to perform various rites of Hajj or Umrah when you are clean, because cleanliness is commendable in Islam.
It is permissible for woman to enter the state of Ihram in case she has experienced menses or child birth by performing the ghusl (obligatory bath) and making the Niyat (intention) of Hajj or Umrah. She will have to recite Talbiyah. This is enough for her to enter the state of Ihram.
She may not offer the two Raka'ats Nafl Sala'at of Ihram until she is fully clean and performed the obligatory ghusl.
After Ihram she may perform the duties of Arafat, Muzdalifah and Mina.
She may not perform Tawaaf in this state after reaching Mecca.
She may pray and recite Istaghfar and all other duas.
If a woman fears that she may begin to menstruate she may perform the Tawaaf Al‐Ifadah early on the day of 10th of Dhul Hijjah as a precaution against the menses.
If a woman (pilgrim) is afraid of her monthly period, she may perform the Tawaaf of Ka'bah before throwing the pebbles at Jamarat and even before her sacrificial animal is slaughtered.
Women may touch and kiss the Hajr-e-Aswad (the Black Stone) when there is an opportunity and no men are around. It is reported that Aisha (RadhiAllahu Anha) said to a woman, Do not crowd with others at the Black Stone, but if you find a chance, touch and kiss it, otherwise if there is crowding, then say a takbir (Allah is the Greatest) when you are opposite to it, and make your Tawaaf and do not cause any harm to anyone.
Staying at Arafat means physical and mental presence in any part of Arafat, whether one is awake, asleep, riding, sitting, lying down, walking and regardless of whether one is in a state of purity or not, e.g., a menstruating woman.
Persons who for valid reasons, illness, etc., cannot themselves throw the pebbles on their behalf. Jabir (RadhiAllahu Anhu) said, "We performed Hajj with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) and we had some women and children with us. We (adults) uttered Talbiah and threw pebbles on behalf of the children". This was reported by Ibn Majah (RadhiAllahu Anhu).
Abu Daw'ud (RadhiAllahu Anhu) and others reported from Ibn' Abbas that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said, "Women pilgrims do not have to shave (their heads); they may only shorten their hair". Ibn Umar (RadhiAllahu Anha) said, "when a woman wants to cut off her hair, she may hold her hair at the front and cut it off about the length of the tip of a finger".