Visiting Medina is not an obligatory act for either Hajj or Umrah, but there is great value in visiting Al Masjid-Al-Nabawi (the Prophet's (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) Mosque). The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) has said:
"One prayer in this mosque (Medina) of mine is better than 1,000 prayers offered anywhere else except the Masjid Al-Haram (Mecca), and one prayer in Masjid Al-Haram is better than 100,000 prayers in any other mosque."
He (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) also said: "Whoever makes ablutions at home and then goes and prays in Masjid Quba (the first mosque built in Islam), will have a reward like that of an Umrah."
According to Hazrat Anas (RadhiAllahu Anhu), the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) has also said: "The person who offers 40 prayers consecutively in my Mosque, without missing a prayer in between, will secure immunity from the fire of Hell and other torments and also from hypocrisy."
Visiting the Prophet's Tomb. It is a great privilege for the pilgrims to visit our beloved Prophet's (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) tomb. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) once said:
"The person who comes solely for the purpose of paying a visit to my grave, has a right on me that I should intercede for him." ('Ilm al-Fiqh, Vol. V) And he has also said:
"The person who performs Hajj and then visits my Tomb, will be regarded as though he had seen me in my worldly life." (Baihaqi)
PROCEDURE TO VISIT MEDINA
- 1. Travel to Medina and Niyat: When you start travel to Medina, Make Niyat (intention) as such:
" O Allah! I start journey to visit the holy tomb of Prophet Mohammed (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam). Please accept it from me."
During this journey, recite Durood Sharif frequently. When the city of Medina is in sight, show your extreme fondness and excitement and humbly enter the city while reciting Darood and Salam.
- 2. Masjid-e-Nabvi: After putting your luggage at your residence, take a bath or perform ablutions (wudhu), wear nice dress, apply perfume and proceed towards the Prophet's Mosque while uttering Durood.
- 3. Bab-e-Jibril: Enter the mosque through Bab-e-Jibril door or Bab-us-Salaam door or if this is not possible, enter through any other door.
- 4. Right Foot: Place your right foot first in the entrance, praise Allah (such as say Allhu Akbar, Subhan Allah, Alhamdu Lillah, etc.), recite Durood and say:
اللَّھُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِك
"Allah humma aftah li abwaba rahamtika"
O Allah, open the doors of Your Mercy for me
- 5. Two Raka'at Nafl: If it is not undesirable (Makrooh) time, offer two Raka'ats of nafl Tahiyyat al-Masjid (greeting of the mosque) preferably in Riaz-al-Jannah near the tomb of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) or otherwise anywhere else in the mosque.
- 6. In front of the Holy Tomb:
Standing in front of the Prophet's tomb and facing it, say in a respectful and hushed voice:
اَلصَّلوٰةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ اَلصَّلوٰةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نَبِيَّ اللهِاَلصَّلوٰةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حَبِيْبَ اللهِ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَآَاتُه‘
"Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Rasul-Allah, Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Nabi-yallah, Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Habib-Allah wa rahmatul-lahi wa barakatuhu”
“Peace be upon you O Messenger of Allah, Peace be upon you O Prophet of Allah, Peace be upon you O Beloved of Allah, May the peace, mercy, and blessings of Allah be on you”
Then supplicate to Allah for good things in this life and the life after death. You may use the same supplication recited earlier during the Tawaaf:
رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ
"Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa qina azaban nar."
O Allah! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!
- 7. Offer Salam of others: Now offer salam of relatives or friends in your own language or say:
اَلصَّلوٰةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ مِنْ
"Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Rasul-Allah min [name of the person]"
“Peace be upon you O Messenger of Allah from [name of the person]”
After the word "min", add the name of your friend or relative.
8. Salam on Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique: Then move a little to the right and stand before the grave of Hazrat Abu Bakr (RadhiAllahu Anhu). Greet him and supplicate to bestow His mercy and forgiveness on him.
- 9. Salam on Hazrat Umar Farooq: Again move a little to the right before the grave of Hazrat Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), and greet him and make supplication for him.
- 10. Forty Prayers: Men should offer forty prayers (Sala'at) in the Prophet's (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) Mosque, but it is not a requirement of any kind. It is only Mustahab, i.e., rewarding if done, but if not done there is no sin.
Departure from Medina: When you have to leave Medina offer your Salam again to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam), cry at this separation, supplicate to Allah and leave with the earnest desire to come back.
HISTORICAL PLACES OF MEDINA TO VISIT
The following are some of many historical places in Medina which a pilgrim would like to visit. Out of these a visit to Masjid Quba is highly recommended as it is only next to the Holy Prophet's (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) Mosque in status and sanctity. But spending time in Masjid-e-Nabvi is far better than visiting other places, because the reward for offering 1 raka'at of prayer there is 1,000 times more.
- 1. Jannat al-Baqee: The graveyard of Medina, where a large number of Sahabah karam (companions) including Hazrat Usman, Hazrat Abbas, Imam Hassan, and wives and daughters of the Holy Prophet are buried. This graveyard is close to the tomb of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam), right after the courtyard of Masjid-e-Nabvi.
- 2. Masjid Quba: This is the first mosque in the history of Islam whose foundation stone was laid down by Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) himself on his migration to Medina. To offer 2 Raka'ats of Nafl in it is equal to one Umrah. After visiting the Prophet's (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) Mosque and his tomb every pilgrim should try his best to visit it and pray in this mosque as well. A visit to Masjid Quba is highly recommended as 2 Raka'ats of Nafl here are equal one Umrah.
- 3. Masjid Qiblatain: In this mosque, Allah directed Prophet Mohammed (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam), who was in the middle of a Sala'at along with Sahaba Karam, to turn his face from Islam's first Qibla Masjid-al-Aqsa (Bait-ul-Muqqadis) in Jerusalem to Ka'bah in Masjid al-Haram. That is why this mosque is known as a mosque with two qiblas.
- 4. Masjid Jum'a: This mosque was built at a place where the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) offered his first Jum'a (Friday Zuhur) prayer in Medina.
- 5. Masjid Ghamama: This mosque is not far from Masjid-e-Nabvi. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) used to offer his Eid-ul-Fitr prayers here. Once the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) led Istasqa prayer (to ask Allah for Rain) in it and suddenly the clouds appeared and it started raining, hence the name ghamama (clouds).
- 6. Masjid Abu Bakr, Masjid Umar Faooq and Masjid Ali: These three mosques are near Masjid Ghamama
- 7. Badar: The plain of Badar is 20 miles (32.2 Km) south west of Medina where the first battle between 313 Muslims and 1000 Qureish of Mecca took place in 624 A.D. The Muslims had seventy camels and two horses whereas the Qureish had a cavalry of 200 Horses and 700 camels. They were superior in weapons too, but Muslims were victorious because they were strong in morale and strategy due to the leadership of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam).
- 8. Jabal-e-Uhad: About 4 miles (6.4 Km) on the north of Medina, famous battle of Uhad was fought at 3 A.H. (624 A.D) Hazrat Hamza, the Holy Prophet's (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) uncle and other companions are buried here.
- 9. Jabal-e-Sal'aa: This is the site for the battle of Ditch which was fought in 5 A.H. (626 A.D) Now there are six mosques at this place.
Note: The first year of the Hijri was 622 A.D and therefore, 1 A.H. is 622 A.D.
HISTORICAL PLACES OF MECCA TO VISIT
1. Mina: The Tent city seven kilometres east of the Masjid al-Haram is where Hajj pilgrims sleep overnight on the 8th, 11th, 12th (and some even on the 13th) of Dhul Hijjah. It contains the Jamarat, the three stone pillars which are pelted by pilgrims as part of the rituals of Hajj.
2. Arafat: The main Arafat field, Masjid-e-Namrah and Mount Arafat or Jable-e-Rehmat (meaning, mountain of light) - Prophet Adam al-as-salaam and his wife Hawa found one another here after being placed on earth. This is also the location of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam's farewell Speech.
3. Muzdalifah: Important place of Hajj
4. Masjid Jin: A group of Jinns embraced Islam after hearing the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam recite Quran.
5. Jannatul Mu'alla: Cemetery on the way to Mina where many of the close family of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam is buried including his beloved mother Bibi Amna, Bibi Khadija and that of Prophet's (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) son Qasim, Asma Bint AbuBaker, Abu-Talib, Abdullah Bin Zubair, and other members of his family (may Allah be pleased with them). It is the 2nd holiest graveyard of Islam after Jannat-ul-Baqi of Medina.
6. Ghar-e-Suhr: The cave where the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr Siddiq (RadhiAllahu Anhu) took refuge when being followed by Quraish on the night of hijrah.
7. Ghar-e-Hira at Jabl-e-Noor (Mount Hira): First revelation of the Holy Quran by Jabrael (Alaihis Salaam) to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) was on this holy site. Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) used to pray here before becoming a Prophet.
8. Birthplace of the beloved Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam): Now a library. Just behind Safa And Marwa. Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) was born on Monday 12 Rabi' al-Awwal (April 22, 571 CE).
9. Mecca Museum: Situated about 10 minutes' drive away from Haram, on old Jeddah road.
10. Masid-e-Khaif (Mina), Masjid Biah/Uqbah (Mina) and Masjid-e-Aisha (Mecca)