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Umrah
1. Ihram - Before reaching Meeqat

The Miqat is the place of getting into the state of Ihram. It is a place where a pilgrim waits for permission to enter Allah's House and purification from all pollutions.

The literal meaning of Ihram is to make 'Haraam' (forbidden). When a Haji pronounces the Niyat (intention) of Hajj and Umrah and utters Talbiyah, certain Halaal (permissible) things become 'Haraam' for him. This combined action (Niyat and Talbiyah) is called Ihram.

A. Preparations for Ihram: Remove unwanted hair, trim nails, make ghusl (bath) and wudhu (ablution) or at least wudhu.

B. Ihram: Put on clothes of Ihram - 2 white un-sewn pieces of cloth for men and regular clothes for women. Women should not cover their faces during Ihram and men should not cover their heads during Ihram.

C. Nafl Sala'at: Pray 2 Raka'ats of Sala'at (avoid makrooh times). Recite Surah al-Kafirun in 1st raka'at and Surah al-Ikhlas in the 2nd raka'at after Surah Faatihah.

D. Intention and Talbiyah: Make Niyat (Intention) for Umrah in any language or recite:

لَبَّيْكَ اللَّھُمَّ بِعُمْرَة

"Labbaik Allahumma bi-`Umrah"

Here I am O Allah, (in response to Your call) making Umrah.

Immediately after that utter the words of Talbiyah three times and then recite Durood Sharif and supplicate to Allah Almighty any Du'aa. Going to Masjid Al-Haram (Ka'bah), men to recite Talbiyah loudly (women quietly).

Talbiyah Recitation (Hajj prayer supplication):

لَبَّيْكَ اللَّھُمَّ لَبَّيْك، لَبَّيْكَ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْك، إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَ النِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَ الْمُلْكُ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَك

"Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk, Labbayk la sharika laka Labbayk innal hamda wanni'mata laka walmulk La sharika lak"

"Here I am O Allah, (in response to Your call), here I am. here I am, YOU have no partner, here I am. Indeed all the Praise, Grace and Sovereignty belong to You. YOU have no partner."


2. TAWAAF (Circling the Ka'bah 7 times) (Tawaaful-Qudoom)

Tawaaf means circling around something . Here it means moving around Ka'bah seven times with extreme love and devotion.

Entering Masjid Al-Haram in Mecca - Enter with the right foot and recite:

اللَّھُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِك

"Allahumma aftah lee abwaaba rahmatika"

"O Allah, open the doors of Your Mercy for me."

iztaba iztaba

At the First sight of the the Ka'bah, say "Allahu Akbar, Laa ilaha illallah" 3 times, recite Durood and very humbly and with tears in your eyes supplicate (Dua) to Allah for whatever you wish. This is a special time for the acceptance of prayers. After this, while uttering Talbiyah, move forward to perform Tawaaf of Ka'bah.

A. Preparation: Pass the upper sheet of Ihram from underneath the right arm and put it on the left shoulder. This act bares the right shoulder and is known as 'Iztaba'.

Ablution (wudhu) is essential for Tawaaf. Reciting of Talbiyah is stopped when you reach Hajr-e- Aswad, the starting point of Tawaaf. Hajr-e- Aswad is the black stone set in the eastern wall of the Ka'bah by the Prophet Mohammed (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) in 605 A.D.

B. Niyat (Intention): Stand in front of Ka'bah facing Hajr-e-Aswad (the Black Stone) in such a way that the whole Hajre-e-Aswad is on your right side. To achieve this end, you may get help from the black stripe on the floor. This stripe should be on your right side. Also, there is a green light on the right side indicating the same. Then without raising your hands make Niyat (intention) for Umrah:


اَلّلٰهُمَّ اِنِّيْ اُرِيْدُ الْعُمْرَةَ فَيَسِّرْهَا لِيْ وَتَقَبَّلْهَا مِنِّيْ

"Allahumma inni uridu’l-umrah fa-yassirhu li wa-taqabbalhu minni"

"Oh Allah, I intend to perform Umrah;

make it easy for me and accept it from me."

tawaf

C. Istilam: Now moving towards right, come in front of Hajr-e-Aswad and raise your hands to your ears keeping your open palms towards Hajre-e-Aswad and say:

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ اَللّٰهُ اَكْبَرُ وَلِلّٰهِ الْحَمْدُ

"Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lilla Hil Hamd"

"In the name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest and all Praise is for Allah"

and kiss both your palms and drop your hands down. This act of kissing Hajr-e-Aswad or pointing towards it is called 'Istilam'. After Istilam, turn right and start Tawaaf counter clockwise.

Repeat the complete Istilam every time starting a new circuit until all 7 circuits are complete. Men should walk briskly during first 3 circuits only. This is called 'Raml'. The remaining 4 circuits are done at a normal pace. Women will not do Raml and walk normally.

Note: Due to heavy crowd, it is not possible to kiss the Hajr-e-Aswad physically or touch it; therefore, it is normal to do Istilam from a distance.


D. Supplication of Tawaaf: There are no fixed supplications for Tawaaf but there are several recommended supplications:

سُبْحَان الِلّه وَ الْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ وَ لآ اِلهَ اِلّا اللّهُ، وَ اللّهُ اَكْبَرُ وَلا حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ اِلَّا بِاللّهِ الْعَلِىّ الْعَظِيْم

"Subhan-Allah wal-hamdu-lillahi wa la ilaha ill-Allah

wa-Allahu Akbar wa la haula wa la quwwata illa-billah aliyil Azeem."

"Glory be to Allah and Praise to Allah, and there is no God But Allah, and Allah is the Greatest"

If you don't remember these words, you may glorify Allah by repeatedly uttering the following or any other supplication glorifying Allah:

سُبْحَانَ اللّه , الحمد لله, الله أكبر, لا إله إلا الله

"Subhan Allah, Alhamdulillah , Allahu Akbar, La Ilaha Illallah"

“Glory be to Allah, Praise be to Allah, Allah is the Greatest, There is no God but Allah Himself”

سُبْحَانَ اللّهِ وَ بِحَمْدِهِ ، سُبْحَانَ اللّهِ الْعَظِيمِ

"Subhan Allah Wabi Hamdi hi Subhan Allah hil Azeem"

“Glory be to Allah, and Praise, Glory be to Allah, the Supreme”

It is Sunnah to recite the following when going between Ar- Ruknul-Yamani (Yemeni corner of Ka'bah) and al-Hajarul-Aswad (If possible, touch Yemeni corner in each circuit; if not, then do not make any sign towards it.)

رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَ فِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَ قِنَا عَذَابَ النَّار

"Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa qina azaban nar."

"Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!"

Perform Istilam for the 8th time to finish Tawaaf. Once Tawaaf is complete, cover your right shoulder.

Note: At no point during Tawaaf should one face or turn his/her back towards Ka'baah. This can only be done when making Istilam.

kaaba

E. Multazam: Now, come to Multazam which is a place five or six feet in length between Hajr-e-Aswad and the door of Ka'bah. This is a highly sacred place where prayers are accepted. Among a large crowd of people, if it is possible to reach Multazam, cling to it pressing your chest and cheeks, and while trembling and crying with devotion and with all humility seek Allah's mercy, His blessings and ask Him whatever you wish. If you are unable to come close to Multazam (due to heavy crowd), just face towards it and supplicate from a distance.

F. Maqam Ibrahim: Next offer two Raka'ats of Nafls behind and close to Maqam Ibrahim without covering your head. If it is zawal time when sajdah is not allowed, you have to wait till this undesirable time is passed and then offer prayers. In the Niyat (intention), say that you are offering 2 Raka'ats of Nafl Wajib Al-Tawaaf. Recite Surah al-Kafirun in 1st Raka'at and Surah al-Ikhlas in the 2nd Raka'at. Before 2 Rak'at, say, "Wattakhi-dh-u Mi-Maqami Ibrahima Musalla". After this, supplicate, ask Allah whatever you wish and invoke His blessings. If it is not possible to offer this obligatory prayer near Maqam Ibrahim, it can be offered anywhere in Mataf, or in Hatim or anywhere in Masjid Al-Haram or even at any place in Haram of Mecca.

G. Zamzam: After the 2 Nafl prayers, proceed to drink Zamzam water. Make Dua as follows:

اَللَّهُمَّ اِنِّىْ اَسْئَلُكَ عِلْمًا نَافِعًا وَّ رِزْقًا وَّاَ سِعًا وَّشِفَاءً مِّنْ كُلِّ دَآءٍ

"Allahummah inni as'aluka ilm-an naafi'an wa rizqan

waasi'an wa shifa'am min kulli daa'in."

"O Allah! I beseech You to bless me with a useful knowledge,"

"a generous subsistence, and a cure from any ailment and disease!"

If going for Sa'ee then perform Istilam for the 9th time (optional but desirable [Mustahab]).



3. Sa'ee (Completion of 7 rounds Safa & Marwahh)

The literal meaning of Sa'ee is to run or to make effort, but as a Hajj and Umrah term, Sa'ee denotes walking back and forth seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwahh which are situated to the south and north of the Ka'bah respectively. Now there are only signs of these hills and the whole route between them is enclosed in a long gallery.

saee

A. Istilam of Hajr-e-Aswad: Before starting Sa'ee, do Istilam of Hajr-e-Aswad again the ninth time or point towards it, saying:

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ اَللّٰهُ اَكْبَرُ وَلِلّٰهِ الْحَمْدُ

"Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah Hil Hamd"

"In the name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest and all Praise is for Allah"

Now proceed to Mount Safa. It is a Sunnah to be in the state of ablution during Sa'ee.

B. Intention (Niyat): Move towards the hill of Safa and make Niyyat (Intention) of Sa'ee in any language. " O Allah! I perform Sa'ee between Safa and Marwahh to please You. Make it easy for me and accept it from me." Now recite:

اِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَا ئِرِ اللّٰهِ

"Inn-as-Safa wal-Marwahh min Sha'a'irillah"

"Verily! As-Safa and al-Marwah are of the Symbols of Allah."

After this, facing the Ka'bah raise your hands in supplication, say 'Allahu Akbar' three times and recite the following supplication or ask Allah whatever you wish:

لَا اِلَهَ اِلَّا اللّٰهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرَیْكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْ ءٍقَدِیْرٌ

"La ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu la Sharika lahu, lahul-mulku

wa lahul-hamdu wa ala kulli shai'in Qadeer."

"There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah alone, without partner.

To Him belongs all Sovereignty and all Praise. He is Omnipotent over all things."

If you don't remember this, you may use the supplication recited earlier during Tawaaf:

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ اَللّٰهُ اَكْبَرُ وَلِلّٰهِ الْحَمْدُ

"Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah Hill Hamd"

"In the name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest and all Praise is for Allah"

C. Proceed towards Marwahh: Now get ready to proceed towards Marwahh with recitation of the following Dua facing the Ka'baah:

إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَآئِرِ للهِ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَطَّوَّفَ بِھِمَا وَمَنْ تَطَوَّعَ خَيْراً فَإِنَّ للهََّ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيْم

"Innas-safaa wal Marwahta min sha'aa'irillaahi faman hajjal baita 'awi`tamara falaa junaaha 'alaihi an yattawwafa bihimaa waman tatawwa'a khiran fa'innAllaha shaakirun 'aleemun"

"Verily! As-Safa and al-Marwahh are of the Symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or 'Umrah of the House to perform the Tawaaf between them. And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allah is All-Recognizer, All-Knower."

Then say:

نبدأ بما بدأ الله به

"Nabdaoo bimaa bada’Allahu bihi"

"We begin with that which Allah began with."

Complete walk from as-Safa to al-Marwahh (one circuit), then al-Marwahh to as-Safa (second circuit) and continue for seven circuits, finishing at al-Marwahh. Upon encountering green lights, men only - run from one light to other light. Make Du'aaa / Dhikr, etc. along the way or recite:

سُبْحَان الِلّه وَ الْحَمْدُ لِلّهِ وَ لآ اِلهَ اِلّا اللّهُ، وَ اللّهُ اَكْبَرُ وَلا حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ اِلَّا بِاللّهِ الْعَلِىّ الْعَظِيْم

"Subhan-Allah wal-hamdu-lillahi wa la ilaha ill-Allahu wa-Allahu Akbar

wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa-billahal aliyil Azeem."

"Glory be to Allah and Praise to Allah, and there is no God But Allah, and Allah is the Greatest"

If you don't remember this supplication also, recite Subhan Allah, Alhamdu Lillah, Allahu Akbar repeatedly and keep moving.

D. Each Round: Each time you complete one round of as-Safa / al-Marwahh (every time on the side of Mount as-Safa or al-Marwah), face direction of Kabah, raise hands, say this dua three times and after each of the 3 times supplicate in any language for anything:

لَلهُّ أَكْبَر، لَلهُّ أَكْبَر، لَلهُّ أَكْبَر لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ للهُّ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَه، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَ لَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِي وَ يُمِيْتُ وَ ھُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْر؛لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ للهُّ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَه، أَنْجَ زَ وَعْدَه وَ نَصَرَ عَبْدَهُ وَ ھَزَمَ الأَحْزَابَ وَ حْدَه

"Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar - laa illaaha illallahu wahdau laa shareekalah - lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu - yuhyee wa yumeetu wa huwa 'alaa kulli shai'in qadeer - laa ilaaha illallahu wahdahu laa shareekalah - anjaza wa'dahu wa nasara ' abdahu wa hazamal ahzaaba wahdahu"

"Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah alone, without partner. To Him belongs all Sovereignty and all Praise. He alone gives life and causes death, He is Omnipotent over all things. There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah alone, without partner. He has fulfilled His promise, and helped His slave, and He alone has defeated the confederates."

In the mid-way of the al-Safa- and al-Marwah path say:

رَبِّ اغْفِرْ وَارْحَمْ ، إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الأَعَزُّ الأَكْرَمُ

"Rabb Ighfir warrham, innaka Anta al-‘Aa’azz al-Akram."

"O Allah forgive me and have mercy on me, Indeed You are the Most Honorable and the Most Generous"

E. Two Raka'at Nafl: After Sa'ee, if it is not an undesirable (Makrooh) time, offer two Raka'ats of Nafl in Al-Haram.


4. Shaving Head / Trim Hair (Halq or Qasr):
halq men halq women

Men - After completing Sa'ee, Men should preferably get their whole head shaved (Halq); but it is permissible to cut the hair of their whole head equal in length to a joint of a finger, about an inch (Qasr). It is also permissible to cut the hair (about an inch) of one fourth of the head. Qasr is only permissible if your hair is more than 1 inch long.

Women - A woman is prohibited to shave her head. She can cut about an inch long hair of one fourth of her head. But according to some scholars it is sufficient for a woman to have a lock of her hair clipped. Women should gather the hair together and trim about 1 inch off the end of their plait, themselves.

Upon leaving Masjid Al-Haram with the left foot, recite:

ال لَّھُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِك

"Allahumma innee 'as'aluka min fadhlika"

"O Allah, send prayers and peace upon Muhammad. O Allah, verily I ask You from Your Favor."

Men normally go out of the Masjid-Al-Haram and perform Halq or Qasr while Women normally perform Qasr at Marwahh after the last circuit of Sa'ee. After Halq, your Umrah is now complete. May Allah accept it. Men may now remove Ihram, as all restrictions are now lifted.

Repeating an Umrah while in Mecca

One can repeat Umrah as many times as one wants by following this procedure for each new Umrah:

1. Go to Masjid-e-Aisha in Mecca after wearing an Ihram or you can wear an Ihram there (following all of Ihram restrictions).

2. Pray two Raka'ats Nafl for Umrah and make the Niyat.

3. Then return to Masjid-Al-Haram to begin your Umrah.

Hajj
8th day of Dhul-Hijjah (Yawmut Tarwiyah) [Day in Mina]

The date 8th Dhul-Hijjah starts after the Maghrib prayer of 7th Dhul-Hijjah.

A. Ihram: Enter state of Ihram (from wherever you are residing) following all Ihram guidelines. Kindly see Umrah section for details.

B. Intention (Niyat): Make intention for Hajj, reciting:

لَبَّيْكَ اللَّھُمَّ بِحَجّ

"Labbayk Allahumma bi -hajjah"

"Here I am O Allah, (in response to Your call) making Hajj."

C. Talbiyah: Standing, face the Qiblah recite the Talbiyah. Kindly see Umrah section for Talbiyah.

D. Departure to Mina: Between the time period after Maghrib of 7th Dhul Hijjah and before Zuhur of 8th Dhul-Hijjah go to Mina.

Note: One may perform Tawaaful Qudum and Sa'ee prior to leaving for Mina but after the Sunset of the 7th Dhul-Hijjah (that is the beginning of the 8th Dhul-Hijjah). This way, one does not have to do Sa'ee after Qasr / Halq (shaving of hair) on the 10th Dhul-Hijjah but will have to come to Mecca from Mina to perform Tawaaful Ziarat.


Stay in Mina
mina

Pray Zuhur, Asr, Maghrib and Isha at Mina.[Pray two Farz each for Zuhur, Asr and Isha. Maghrib is not shortened, and remains three Farz. Isha to be followed by Witr]

Engage in Ibadah (worship) all day. Spend the night in Mina and on the 9th Dhul Hijjah morning, offer Fajr prayer and then proceed to Arafat. You may also proceed to Arafat after Isha in Mina on the night of 8th Dhul Hijja and offer Fajr of 9th Dhul Hijja at Arafat.


9th day of Dhul-Hijjah (Yawmu Arafah) [Day in Arafat]
arafat

A. Arrival in Arafat: You may choose to arrive in Arafat as you like but make sure to reach by Zawal of the 9th Dhul-Hijjah. Also, prior to departure from Mina, say Takbir Tashriq (Allah-u Akbar, Allah-u Akbar La Ilaha ill-Allah wa-Allah-u Akbar, Allah-u Akbar wa Lillah-il-hamd) and Talbiyah.

In Arafat, take a bath, if possible, otherwise perform Wudhu (ablution).

B. Masjid-e-Namrah: Stop-over if possible at Masjid-e-Namrah and remain there until after Zawaal and listen to the Khutbah. In Masjid-e-Namrah, the Imam leads Zuhur and Asr prayers, combined and shortened, at Zuhur time with one Adhan but separate Iqamahs. At other places in Arafat, some people similarly combine these two Sala'ats. But it is advisable that away from Masjid-e-Namrah, offer them at their proper times with Jama'at as recommended by most scholars. Due to the large crowd, it is not possible to reach Masjid-e-Namrah and you should stay in your tent or any other place in Arafat.

C. Wuquf-e-Arafat: Waquf is the most important part of the Hajj and starts at the beginning of Zawal and ends at Sunset. Stand near the 'black rocks' at the bottom of 'Jabalur-Rahmah'. Here the Prophet Mohammed (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) stood and if that is not possible then as close as possible. Facing the Qiblah, with raised hands, supplicate and also recite the Talbiyah, repent on your sins, seek forgiveness and mercy of Allah, say Durood Sharif and utter all the supplications (Du'aas) in Arabic and in your own language. It is better to do Waquf while standing but sitting down is also allowed. Due to the large crowd, it is not possible to reach 'Jabalur-Rahmah', therefore, you may do 'Wuquf' any where in Arafat and even your Tent.

It is encouraged to frequently recite the following:

لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ للهَُّ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيْكَ لَه، لَهُ الْمُلْك، وَ لَهُ الْحَمْد، وَ ھُوَعَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيْر

"La ilaha ill Allahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu lahul mulk wa lahul hamdu wa huwa 'alaa kulli shay 'in qadeer"

"There is none truly worthy of worship except Allah alone, without partner.

To Him belongs all Sovereignty and all Praise, and He is Omnipotent over all things."

[This is the best supplication to recite on this great day.]

D. Departure for Muzdalifah: When the sun sets in Arafat, proceed to Muzdalifah without offering Maghrib prayer; reciting Zikr and Talbiyah on the way.


Stay in Muzdalifah
muzdalifa

E. Maghrib and Isha Prayers: In Muzdalifah offer Maghrib and Isha prayers together at Isha time. For both prayers there is one Adhan, one Iqamah and pray as follows:

  • First offer Farz prayer of Maghrib with Jama'at. Then say Takbir Tashriq and Talbiyah.

  • Immediately after that offer Farz prayer of Isha with Jama'at.

  • After this offer two Sunnah of Maghrib.

  • Then offer two Sunnah of Isha followed by Witr prayer.

  • Offering Nafl prayer is optional.

F. Pebbles: You can collect 70 pebbles for stoning either in Mina or Muzdalifah. You will need only 7 pebbles on the 10th Dhul Hijjah and 42 afterwards (49 total). You will need 21 extra pebbles if you are staying for the 13th of Dhul-Hijjah in Mina (70 total). They must be about the size of a chickpea.

G. Zikr and Du'aa: Spend the night in Ibadah (worship) or go to sleep until Fajr.

[Arafat and Muzdalifah - Pray two Farz each for Zuhur, Asr and Isha. Maghrib is not shortened, and remains three Farz. Isha to be followed by Witr]

10th day of Dhul-Hijjah (Yawmun-Nahr)

Pray Fajr in Muzdalifah. Then do dua at Mash'arul-Haram (or anywhere in Muzdalifah).

A. Return to Mina: Leave for Mina after Fajr, little before sunrise.

B. Rami of Jamrat Aqabah: Between the time periods of after sunrise until the night, calmly proceed to Jamaratul - Aqabah al-Kubraa 3 (the largest stoning pillar) for stoning. Facing Jamarat, with Mecca to your left and Mina to your right, throw seven stones at Jamarat reciting:

للهَُّ أَكْبَر

"Allahu Akbar"

"Allah is the Greatest (after each throw)."

qurbani

C. Performing the Qurbani (Animal Sacrifice): If a Sacrificial Ticket has been purchased or Qurbani arranged in any Madarsa (both the methods are permissible and most likely convenient alternatives), otherwise, calmly proceed to slaughter house in Mina for sacrifice. There are three days designated for qurbani, i.e., 10th, 11th or 12th Dhul Hijjah. It can be done any time during day or night.

D. Shave/Trim Hair (Halq or Qasr): After qurbani Men and women should perform Halq or Qasr as described in the Umrah section.

Remove Ihram, as all restrictions are now lifted. (Ihram must be removed only after Halq or Qasr.) Now you may go to Mecca and perform Tawaaf-e-Ziarat (also called Tawaf-e-Ifadah in Arabic).

If the sacrifice is postponed till the next two days, Halq or Qasr is also postponed because it comes after the sacrifice. Halq or Qasr can be done at any time up to the 12th Dhul Hijjah even if the sacrifice is not postponed. After Halq or Qasr all prohibitions of Ihram are lifted except the private relations between husband and wife which are permissible after Tawaaf-e-Ziarat. Halq or Qasr in Mina is a Sunnah. But you are allowed to do it anywhere in Haram. If done outside the precincts of Haram, it requires a 'Dam'. You have to make sure that Rami, Sacrifice and Shaving or clipping of the hair are performed in the order in which they are listed otherwise a 'Dam' is required as a penalty.

E. Tawaaf-e-Ziarat (Tawaaf-e-Ifadhah in Arabic): Go to Mecca and perform Tawaaf-e-Ziarat. Can be performed anytime up to sunset of 12th Dhul Hijjah.

(See Umrah Guide for the complete Tawaaf procedure). No Ihram is required.

Tawaaf-e-Ziarat can be performed any time, day or night, from 10th Dhul Hijjah to the sunset of 12th Dhul Hijjah. Usually it is convenient to do it on 11th Dhul Hijjah as the 10th Dhul Hijjah is very crowded. it is essential that you have performed Wudu. According to Sunnah this Tawaaf is to be performed after Rami, Sacrifice and Shaving or clipping of the hair, and every effort should be made to do that, but the Farz stands discharged even if Tawaaf-e-Ziarat is performed prior to all these practices.

F. Sa'ee of Hajj: Perform Sa'ee (See Umrah Guide for the complete Sa'ee procedure)

If you performed Tawaf-e-Qudum and Sa'ee prior to leaving for Mina as indicated in section 8th day of Dhul Hijjah then you do not need to do Sa'ee.

Upon completion of the Sa'ee, all restrictions are now lifted.

G. Return back to Mina: Upon leaving Al-Masjid Haram with the left foot, recite dua of leaving the Masjid. (See Umrah section for Dua)

Note: Perform all 5 Salats on this day in its own time; the ones in Mecca pray fully; but ones in Mina, shorten.


11th Dhul-Hijjah

If Tawaaf-e-Ziarat was not performed yesterday, go to Mecca and perform Tawaaf and Sa'ee (both with complete procedures as in Umrah section).

Return back to Mina.

[Women should allow extra days for Tawaaf in Mecca in case of menses.]


Stay in Mina for Stoning
stoning jamrah

Rami of Jamarat: From the time period between after Zawaal (sun at highest point - no shadow) until the night, stone all three Jamarats. 21 stones required per day.

Facing first Jamarat Oolah or Sughra (smallest), with Mecca to your left and Mina to your right, throw each of the seven stones at Jamarat reciting: "Allahu Akbar".

After stoning first Jamarat, face Qiblah (with first Jamarat to your right), raise hands and supplicate as you wish. Then, calmly proceed to 2nd (middle one) Jamarat Wustah. Facing second Jamarat, with Mecca to your left and Mina to your right, throw each of the seven stones at Jamarat reciting: "Allahu Akbar".

After stoning second Jamarat, face Qiblah (with second Jamarat to your right), raise hands and supplicate as you wish. Then, calmly proceed to third Jamarat Aqabah. Facing third Jamarat, with Mecca to your left and Mina to your right, throw each of the seven stones at Jamarat reciting: "Allahu Akbar".

After stoning final Jamarat, move onwards without supplicating.

Zikr and Ibadah: At your tent in Mina, recite Quran, glorify Allah, repent on your sins, and seek forgiveness. Ask Allah whatever you want and don't commit any sin.


12th Dhul-Hijjah

If Tawaaf-e-Ziarat was not performed yesterday, go to Mecca and perform Tawaaf and Sa'ee (both with complete procedures as in Umrah Guide). Return back to Mina.

Rami of Jamarat: From the time period between after Zawaal (after midday) until the night, stone all 3 Jamarat with 7 pebbles for each one as done on the 11th Dhul-Hijjah. Leave Mina for Mecca before Sunset if possible. If you can't leave - Stay at Mina.


13th Dhul-Hijjah

If you didn't leave Mina, beginning after Fajr, stone all 3 Jamarat with 7 pebbles for each Jamarat and then leave for Mecca.

Tawaaf-e-Widaa (Farewell Tawaaf): Before final departure from Mecca, perform Tawaaf-e-Widaa as your last act (with complete procedure for Tawaaf as in Umrah Guide but without Ihram).

Note: It is permissible to perform Tawaaf-e-Widaa on 12th day of Dhul-Hijjah (as long as you leave Mina before sunset), thus missing the recommended (but not compulsory) day of stoning.


mina
Hajj and Umrah Supplication
Types of Hajj

Any person intending to perform Hajj opts for either one of the three types of Hajj:


TAMATTU: Making Umrah then Hajj in the prescribed months of Hajj. It is considered the best of the three forms of Hajj that the Prophet Mohammed (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) urged his followers to perform. (You have to be in the state of Ihram for Umrah first and then again for Hajj). This is the kind of Hajj normally done when going to Mecca for Hajj from other countries.

QIRAAN: Making Umrah and Hajj at the same time. (You have to be in the state of Ihram until Hajj finishes.)

IFRAAD: Making Hajj only; without Umrah.

*If you select Tamattu or Qiraan you must perform Sacrifice / Qurbani.


Hajj Points to Note

Before Hajj - don’t forget to: Pay all debts, Redress all wrongs and Write your Will


Remember, Hajj requires more of etiquette because a pilgrim has to spend six days in the company of an international assembly of people. Spirit of camaraderie and fraternity must be nurtured.


It is incumbent upon every Muslim who is capable of performing Hajj to make the intention to go. It is therefore wise to fulfill the duty of performing Hajj at the first available opportunity. This is why the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) advised: 'Hasten to (perform) Hajj for one of you does not know what impediment might come in his way' (Ahmad). It is indeed, a serious neglect of our duty if we keep postponing the performance of Hajj.


Restrictions of Ihram

In the state of Ihram the following acts are forbidden:


  • 1. To cut or shave the hairs of head or body, until the sacrifice of animals is completed.
  • 2. To cut the nails.
  • 3. To wear stitched clothes (for men only).
  • 4. To wear turban or cap or anything which covers the heads (for men only).
  • 5. To wear shoes or socks above the ankle.
  • 6. To cover the face.
  • 7. Perfuming oneself while in Ihram.
  • 8. To fight or quarrel.
  • 9. To hunt animals, or to aid a hunter in any way or to chase a wild animal.
  • 10. To injure any wild animal, even removing its feathers or breaking its eggs.
  • 11. Remove milk of a wild animal, cook meat of a wild animal or purchase a wild animal.
  • 12. Getting married, engaged or marrying someone else.
  • 13. Passionate/affectionate relations with spouses in a manner less than sexual intercourse (Mubaashara or foreplay).
  • 14. To have sexual intercourse (Jima').


Effects of Violating Ihram Restrictions

If conditions 1-14 above are violated one must offer its FIDYAH (penalty):- sacrifice a sheep, OR feed 6 poor people half Sa (i.e. 2 * cupped handfuls of staple food per person), OR fast 3 days BUT the Hajj is valid and NOT nullified. If condition 14 (sex) is violated before 1st stage of Ihram finishes then Hajj becomes invalid: - so must continue till end, sacrifice camel and do Hajj next year. If one has sex (or foreplay) after 1st stage but before 2nd stage of Ihram ends then Hajj remains valid but offer Fidyah.


Types of Tawaaf

Tawaaf-e-Qudum (Arrival):

This Tawaaf is for those who come from outside Meeqat. Those people who live outside the Meeqat and come for Hajj or Umrah are called "Aafaaqi". Meeqat are the boundaries from which you cannot proceed for Hajj or Umrah without Ihram. It is a Sunnah for those who are performing Hajj Ifrad and Hajj Qiran. This is also called Tawaf Tahiyya and Tawaf Ul Liqa.


Tawaaf-e-Ziarat (Visit):

This is also called Tawaaf Ifadah, Tawaaf Rukn, Tawaaf Wajib and Tawaaf Yaum Un Nahr. This is an article of Hajj. The Haj is not complete without this. The time for this from the dawn of 10th Dhul Hijjah to 12th Dhul Hijjah. 'Dam' (sacrifice of an animal) becomes Wajib on delay.


Tawaaf-e-Widaa (Farewell):

This is also called Tawaaf Sadar and Tawaaf Rukhsat. This is Wajib on "Aafaaqi". The time for this starts after Tawaaf Ziarat and there is no last time for this. It can be performed anytime in life. However, it is Afzal to perform it while leaving Mecca.


Tawaaf-e-Umrah:

This Tawaaf is Farz in Umrah.


Tawaaf-e-Nafl:

This can be performed anytime. For an "Aafaaqi", this Tawaf is better than offering Nafl Sala'at. The privilege of Tawaaf cannot be gained anywhere, so while in Mecca, perform as much Tawaaf as you can.


Tawaaf-e-Tahiyyatul Masjid:

This Tawaaf is Mustahab (commendable) for those enter Masjid-al- Haram.


Tawaaf-e-Nazar:

This Tawaaf is Wajib on those who make a Nazar (promise) that they will perform Tawaaf.


Note: As per Fiqh Hanafi, it is Wajib to perform 2 Raka'at Wajib Ut Tawaf after every Tawaaf.


Rules for Tawaaf

  • 1. One should be in the state of Ihram before starting Tawaaf.
  • 2. There are three conditions essential for Tawaaf of Umrah and for all other kinds of Tawaaf as well, namely: a. To be a Muslim b. Niyat (intention) c. To perform Tawaaf inside Masjid al-Haram Without Niyat, Tawaaf is not valid. Tawaaf can be performed in Mataf or on different floors of Masjid al-Haram or even on its roof.
  • 3. While performing Tawaaf, one should not look towards Ka'bah. One has to face Ka'bah only when doing Istilam of Hajr-e-Aswad.
  • 4. After completing the seven circuits of Tawaaf, if someone deliberately starts the eighth circuit, it becomes obligatory (wajib) for him to complete the second Tawaaf by doing six more circuits.
  • 5. Undesirable times for prayer are not considered undesirable for performing Tawaaf.
  • 6. If someone has to discontinue Tawaaf because of time for prescribed prayer or because a dead body is brought for a funeral prayer or need for fresh ablutions arises, he can later resume Tawaaf at the point where he discontinued.

NAFL Tawaaf: If you want to perform just a nafl Tawaaf, follow the same procedure, however, in a nafl Tawaaf there is no Ihram, no Ramal, no Iztaba and even no Sa'ee.


Rules for Sa'ee

  • 1. Sa'ee is obligatory (wajib) after the conclusion of the Tawaaf and not before it.
  • 2. To be free from impurity is not obligatory (wajib) for Sa'ee, therefore, women during their monthly period can perform Sa'ee although they are not allowed to enter Masjid al-Haram, offer Salat or perform Tawaaf. They can enter the place of Sa'ee from the outside entrance. But it is a Sunnah to be free from all types of impurity and be in the state of ablutions during Sa'ee.
  • 3. Sa'ee has seven trips and all are obligatory (wajib). Just remember all seven trips have to be completed.
  • 4. It is a Sunnah to start Sa'ee right after Tawaaf but it is not obligatory (wajib). Therefore, if Sa'ee is delayed for some reason, there is no penalty.
  • 5. It is obligatory (wajib) to start Sa'ee from the hill of Safa and end at Marwahh.
  • 6. It is obligatory to perform Sa'ee on foot unless somebody has an excuse when it can be performed by riding.
  • 7. During the Sa'ee of Umrah, it is obligatory to be in the state of Ihram. One should also be in Ihram for the Sa'ee performed after Tawaaf-e-Qudum, but it is a Sunnah to perform the Sa'ee after Tawaaf-e-Ziarat in ordinary clothes.
  • 8. Sa'ee is performed only once during Hajj, either after Tawaaf-e-Qudum or Tawaaf-e-Ziarat. But it is better to perform Sa'ee after Tawaaf-e-Ziarat.
  • 9. It is a Sunnah to climb the hills of Safa and Marwahh and raise hands for supplication, facing the Ka'bah.
  • 10. It is undesirable (Makrooh) to do business during Sa'ee, but one can talk if the need arises.

Important Advice for Sa'ee:

While walking between Safa and Marwah, reflect upon the Tawakkul (Reliance and Trust) on Allah by Hajra (RadhiAllahu Anha - the mother of Prophet Ismail). Allah ordered her husband, Ibrahim (Alaihis Salaam) to leave her all alone in that barren valley with her baby and she obeyed Allah and accepted that relying on Allah to protect. But she carried out her duty repeatedly racing between and climbing the mount Safa and Marwah searching for help or water for her and her baby, confident of Allah's help. Allah sent Angel Jibreel (Alaihis Salaam) to strike the ground with his wing and the water of Zamzam sprang forth! This is where baby Ismail was digging his heels while crying.


Also remember while reciting dua on the two mounts, a similar incident when Allah ordered Prophet Mohammed (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) and Muslims to risk their lives and face an army of various tribes allied against them. They responded and did their part by digging a trench and prepared to meet the challenge, confident of Allah's help. Allah tested their Taqwa and Tawwakul and then sufficed them of having to lose their lives or properties - Allah defeated the Confederate/allied (Ahzab) tribes by Himself by sending fierce winds against the Pagans, fear ripping their hearts and forcing them to return home dejected never to return thereafter against the Believers!


During Sa'ee we reflect on these two incidents, supplicate and increase in Iman, Taqwa (piety) and Tawakkul (Reliance and Trust) - InshaAllah.


Rukn, Wajib and Mustahab Rites of Umrah / Hajj

Rukn (Pillar): Must do Rukn rites or else the Umrah/Hajj is invalid (see Effects of Violating Ihram section for Invalid Hajj).

Wajib (compulsory): Must do Wajib rites but if left then must do FIDYAH (See Effects of Violating Ihram section)

Mustahab (Encouraged): These acts are part of a complete proper Hajj but no penalty if left out any.


1. Rukn (Pillars) parts of Hajj

  • a. Being in a state of Ihraam
  • b. Be in Arafat even a moment between Zuhur 9th Dhul-Hijja to Fajr 10th Dhul-Hijja.
  • c. Tawaaf-e-Ifadah
  • d. Sa'ee

(Some scholars say (a) & (d) are Wajib but not rukn).


2. Waajib (compulsory) parts of Hajj

  • a. Ihraam from its proper place
  • b. Remain in Arafat until sun sets
  • c. Stay at Muzdalifah until half of night at least
  • d. Stone Jamaraat correctly on 10th & 11 to 12/13th DhulHijah
  • e. Shave or shorten hair
  • f. Spend at least three nights in Mina from 8th Dhul-Hijjah to 13th Dhul-Hijjah
  • g. Tawaaf-e-Widaa (Women in menses can omit this)
  • h. Sacrifice animal for Haj Tamatu & Qiran but not Mufrid but if cannot then fast 3 days in Hajj and 7 days later.

3. Mustahab (Encouraged): All remaining Hajj rites


Visiting Medina (Masjid-Al-Nabawi) and Mecca Sites
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Visiting Medina is not an obligatory act for either Hajj or Umrah, but there is great value in visiting Al Masjid-Al-Nabawi (the Prophet's (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) Mosque). The Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) has said:


"One prayer in this mosque (Medina) of mine is better than 1,000 prayers offered anywhere else except the Masjid Al-Haram (Mecca), and one prayer in Masjid Al-Haram is better than 100,000 prayers in any other mosque."


He (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) also said: "Whoever makes ablutions at home and then goes and prays in Masjid Quba (the first mosque built in Islam), will have a reward like that of an Umrah."


According to Hazrat Anas (RadhiAllahu Anhu), the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) has also said: "The person who offers 40 prayers consecutively in my Mosque, without missing a prayer in between, will secure immunity from the fire of Hell and other torments and also from hypocrisy."


Visiting the Prophet's Tomb. It is a great privilege for the pilgrims to visit our beloved Prophet's (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) tomb. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) once said:


"The person who comes solely for the purpose of paying a visit to my grave, has a right on me that I should intercede for him." ('Ilm al-Fiqh, Vol. V) And he has also said:


"The person who performs Hajj and then visits my Tomb, will be regarded as though he had seen me in my worldly life." (Baihaqi)


PROCEDURE TO VISIT MEDINA

  • 1. Travel to Medina and Niyat: When you start travel to Medina, Make Niyat (intention) as such:

    " O Allah! I start journey to visit the holy tomb of Prophet Mohammed (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam). Please accept it from me."

    During this journey, recite Durood Sharif frequently. When the city of Medina is in sight, show your extreme fondness and excitement and humbly enter the city while reciting Darood and Salam.

  • 2. Masjid-e-Nabvi: After putting your luggage at your residence, take a bath or perform ablutions (wudhu), wear nice dress, apply perfume and proceed towards the Prophet's Mosque while uttering Durood.
  • 3. Bab-e-Jibril: Enter the mosque through Bab-e-Jibril door or Bab-us-Salaam door or if this is not possible, enter through any other door.
  • 4. Right Foot: Place your right foot first in the entrance, praise Allah (such as say Allhu Akbar, Subhan Allah, Alhamdu Lillah, etc.), recite Durood and say:

    اللَّھُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِك

    "Allah humma aftah li abwaba rahamtika"

    "O Allah, open the doors of Your Mercy for me"

  • 5. Two Raka'at Nafl: If it is not undesirable (Makrooh) time, offer two Raka'ats of nafl Tahiyyat al-Masjid (greeting of the mosque) preferably in Riaz-al-Jannah near the tomb of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) or otherwise anywhere else in the mosque.

  • 6. In front of the Holy Tomb:
    arafat

    Standing in front of the Prophet's tomb and facing it, say in a respectful and hushed voice:

    اَلصَّلوٰةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ اَلصَّلوٰةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نَبِيَّ اللهِاَلصَّلوٰةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا حَبِيْبَ اللهِ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَآَاتُه‘

    "Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Rasul-Allah, Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Nabi-yallah, Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Habib-Allah wa rahmatul-lahi wa barakatuhu”

    “Peace be upon you O Messenger of Allah, Peace be upon you O Prophet of Allah, Peace be upon you O Beloved of Allah, May the peace, mercy, and blessings of Allah be on you”

    Then supplicate to Allah for good things in this life and the life after death. You may use the same supplication recited earlier during the Tawaaf:

    رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

    "Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa qina azaban nar."

    "O Allah! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!"

  • 7. Offer Salam of others: Now offer salam of relatives or friends in your own language or say:

    اَلصَّلوٰةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُوْلَ اللهِ مِنْ

    "Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Rasul-Allah min [name of the person]"

    “Peace be upon you O Messenger of Allah from [name of the person]”

    After the word "min", add the name of your friend or relative.

    8. Salam on Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique: Then move a little to the right and stand before the grave of Hazrat Abu Bakr (RadhiAllahu Anhu). Greet him and supplicate to bestow His mercy and forgiveness on him.

  • 9. Salam on Hazrat Umar Farooq: Again move a little to the right before the grave of Hazrat Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), and greet him and make supplication for him.
  • 10. Forty Prayers: Men should offer forty prayers (Sala'at) in the Prophet's (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) Mosque, but it is not a requirement of any kind. It is only Mustahab, i.e., rewarding if done, but if not done there is no sin.

Departure from Medina: When you have to leave Medina offer your Salam again to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam), cry at this separation, supplicate to Allah and leave with the earnest desire to come back.


HISTORICAL PLACES OF MEDINA TO VISIT

The following are some of many historical places in Medina which a pilgrim would like to visit. Out of these a visit to Masjid Quba is highly recommended as it is only next to the Holy Prophet's (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) Mosque in status and sanctity. But spending time in Masjid-e-Nabvi is far better than visiting other places, because the reward for offering 1 raka'at of prayer there is 1,000 times more.

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  • 1. Jannat al-Baqee: The graveyard of Medina, where a large number of Sahabah karam (companions) including Hazrat Usman, Hazrat Abbas, Imam Hassan, and wives and daughters of the Holy Prophet are buried. This graveyard is close to the tomb of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam), right after the courtyard of Masjid-e-Nabvi.
  • 2. Masjid Quba: This is the first mosque in the history of Islam whose foundation stone was laid down by Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) himself on his migration to Medina. To offer 2 Raka'ats of Nafl in it is equal to one Umrah. After visiting the Prophet's (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) Mosque and his tomb every pilgrim should try his best to visit it and pray in this mosque as well. A visit to Masjid Quba is highly recommended as 2 Raka'ats of Nafl here are equal one Umrah.
  • 3. Masjid Qiblatain: In this mosque, Allah directed Prophet Mohammed (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam), who was in the middle of a Sala'at along with Sahaba Karam, to turn his face from Islam's first Qibla Masjid-al-Aqsa (Bait-ul-Muqqadis) in Jerusalem to Ka'bah in Masjid al-Haram. That is why this mosque is known as a mosque with two qiblas.
  • 4. Masjid Jum'a: This mosque was built at a place where the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) offered his first Jum'a (Friday Zuhur) prayer in Medina.
  • 5. Masjid Ghamama: This mosque is not far from Masjid-e-Nabvi. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) used to offer his Eid-ul-Fitr prayers here. Once the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) led Istasqa prayer (to ask Allah for Rain) in it and suddenly the clouds appeared and it started raining, hence the name ghamama (clouds).
  • 6. Masjid Abu Bakr, Masjid Umar Faooq and Masjid Ali: These three mosques are near Masjid Ghamama.
  • 7. Badar: The plain of Badar is 20 miles (32.2 Km) south west of Medina where the first battle between 313 Muslims and 1000 Qureish of Mecca took place in 624 A.D. The Muslims had seventy camels and two horses whereas the Qureish had a cavalry of 200 Horses and 700 camels. They were superior in weapons too, but Muslims were victorious because they were strong in morale and strategy due to the leadership of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam).
  • 8. Jabal-e-Uhad: About 4 miles (6.4 Km) on the north of Medina, famous battle of Uhad was fought at 3 A.H. (624 A.D) Hazrat Hamza, the Holy Prophet's (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) uncle and other companions are buried here.
  • 9. Jabal-e-Sal'aa: This is the site for the battle of Ditch which was fought in 5 A.H. (626 A.D) Now there are six mosques at this place.

Note: The first year of the Hijri was 622 A.D and therefore, 1 A.H. is 622 A.D.


HISTORICAL PLACES OF MECCA TO VISIT

1. Mina: The Tent city seven kilometres east of the Masjid al-Haram is where Hajj pilgrims sleep overnight on the 8th, 11th, 12th (and some even on the 13th) of Dhul Hijjah. It contains the Jamarat, the three stone pillars which are pelted by pilgrims as part of the rituals of Hajj.


2. Arafat: The main Arafat field, Masjid-e-Namrah and Mount Arafat or Jable-e-Rehmat (meaning, mountain of light) - Prophet Adam al-as-salaam and his wife Hawa found one another here after being placed on earth. This is also the location of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam's farewell Speech.


3. Muzdalifah: Important place of Hajj


4. Masjid Jin: A group of Jinns embraced Islam after hearing the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam recite Quran.


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5. Jannatul Mu'alla: Cemetery on the way to Mina where many of the close family of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam is buried including his beloved mother Bibi Amna, Bibi Khadija and that of Prophet's (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) son Qasim, Asma Bint AbuBaker, Abu-Talib, Abdullah Bin Zubair, and other members of his family (may Allah be pleased with them). It is the 2nd holiest graveyard of Islam after Jannat-ul-Baqi of Medina.


6. Ghar-e-Suhr: The cave where the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) and Abu Bakr Siddiq (RadhiAllahu Anhu) took refuge when being followed by Quraish on the night of hijrah.


7. Ghar-e-Hira at Jabl-e-Noor (Mount Hira): First revelation of the Holy Quran by Jabrael (Alaihis Salaam) to the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) was on this holy site. Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) used to pray here before becoming a Prophet.


8. Birthplace of the beloved Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam): Now a library. Just behind Safa And Marwa. Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) was born on Monday 12 Rabi' al-Awwal (April 22, 571 CE).


9. Mecca Museum: Situated about 10 minutes drive away from Haram, on old Jeddah road.


10. Masid-e-Khaif (Mina), Masjid Biah/Uqbah (Mina) and Masjid-e-Aisha (Mecca)

Women in Hajj
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  • a. It is obligatory for women to cover the head.
  • b. Stitched cloth is allowed.
  • c. Any colour dress is allowed.

Bukhari and Ahmed have reported that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said: "A pilgrim woman must neither cover her face nor wear gloves". This proves that a woman in the state of Ihram should not cover her face and hands.


It is reported by Hazrath Aisha (RadhiAllahu Anha) that once on a Hajj Pilgrimage when she experienced the monthly menses, the holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) noticing her inconvenience said: "There is no need to cry. This is something that Allah has made as a natural occurrence for daughters of Adam (Alaihi wa Sallam), meaning all women". Most scholars are of the opinion that purification is not necessary for performing Sa'ee between Safa and Marwahh, in the light of what the holy Prophet said to Aisha (RadhiAllahu Anha) when she menstruated. He told her. "You may perform all rites (of Hajj) as other pilgrims do, except performing Tawaaf around the Ka'bah which you may do after you are clean and no longer menstruating". Aisha (RadhiAllahu Anha) and Umme Salamah (RadhiAllahu Anha) said: A woman who performs the Tawaaf, offers to raka'at prayer (by the Station of Ibrahim), and then finds that her period has started, may perform Sa'ee between Safa and Marwah. It is preferable, however, to perform various rites of Hajj or Umrah when you are clean, because cleanliness is commendable in Islam.


  • It is permissible for woman to enter the state of Ihram in case she has experienced menses or child birth by performing the ghusl (obligatory bath) and making the Niyat (intention) of Hajj or Umrah. She will have to recite Talbiyah. This is enough for her to enter the state of Ihram.

  • She may not offer the two Raka'ats Nafl Sala'at of Ihram until she is fully clean and performed the obligatory ghusl.

  • After Ihram she may perform the duties of Arafat, Muzdalifah and Mina.

  • She may not perform Tawaaf in this state after reaching Mecca.

  • She may pray and recite Istaghfar and all other duas.

  • If a woman fears that she may begin to menstruate she may perform the Tawaaf Al‐Ifadah early on the day of 10th of Dhul Hijjah as a precaution against the menses.

  • If a woman (pilgrim) is afraid of her monthly period, she may perform the Tawaaf of Ka'bah before throwing the pebbles at Jamarat and even before her sacrificial animal is slaughtered.

  • Women may touch and kiss the Hajr-e-Aswad (the Black Stone) when there is an opportunity and no men are around. It is reported that Aisha (RadhiAllahu Anha) said to a woman, Do not crowd with others at the Black Stone, but if you find a chance, touch and kiss it, otherwise if there is crowding, then say a takbir (Allah is the Greatest) when you are opposite to it, and make your Tawaaf and do not cause any harm to anyone.

  • Staying at Arafat means physical and mental presence in any part of Arafat, whether one is awake, asleep, riding, sitting, lying down, walking and regardless of whether one is in a state of purity or not, e.g., a menstruating woman.

  • Persons who for valid reasons, illness, etc., cannot themselves throw the pebbles on their behalf. Jabir (RadhiAllahu Anhu) said, "We performed Hajj with the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) and we had some women and children with us. We (adults) uttered Talbiah and threw pebbles on behalf of the children". This was reported by Ibn Majah (RadhiAllahu Anhu).

  • Abu Daw'ud (RadhiAllahu Anhu) and others reported from Ibn' Abbas that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) said, "Women pilgrims do not have to shave (their heads); they may only shorten their hair". Ibn Umar (RadhiAllahu Anha) said, "when a woman wants to cut off her hair, she may hold her hair at the front and cut it off about the length of the tip of a finger".